Installing a Self-Hosted GitHub Actions Runner on Synology NAS
As a disclaimer, I would like to point out that this is not something you would want to do from a security perspective, as it clearly increases the attack surface of your NAS system. Also, GitHub does not recommend using it for anything other than private projects, as again it may pose some security risks to your internal network.
Although immediately after the launch of GitHub Actions CI/CD was a bit clumsy and lacked many important features, I decided to revisit this service once again. Turns out that the service has since been significantly improved and now fully covers my needs. Another important factor is that it is neatly integrated into the service that I already use, namely GitHub. An unexpected discovery that I made was that you can run your own Actions Runner on your device, which effectively makes this service free of charge for you. Luckily, I had a spare Synology NAS (DSM 6.2.3), so I decided why not use it as a personal build server.
To get started, you will need the aforementioned Synology NAS server with internet access and the Docker package installed from the official
Synology Package Center. The device does not need to be accessible from the Internet. Since the Runner initiates the connections itself, the server can be completely hidden behind the firewall. At the time of writing, my NAS had DSM 6.2.3 installed. The Docker folder is assumed to be
We are going to launch GitHub Actions Runner in a Docker container, as you might have guessed. The tricky part is that this Docker container will launch other containers creating a
Docker-in-Docker chain. Initially, this behaviour is not supported, so we are going to start with this part. In order to make this possible we have to expose the Docker socket to your future CI container.
As a first step, you need to access your NAS via SSH. You can enable it in the
Control Panel -> Terminal & SNMP -> Terminal checking the
Enable SSH Service box. You can now connect to the NAS using the administrator’s name and the local IP address of the NAS.
Now we need to give Docker access rights to the socket.
sudo chown -R 1000:1000 /var/run/docker.sock
In order to give your containers access to the socket, we will create a link to the socket inside the
volume1/docker folder so that it can be used as a mounting point later on.
ln -s /var/run/docker.sock /volume1/docker/docker.sock
This link will disappear when NAS restarts. You can use the
Control Panel -> Task Scheduler to create a task that will execute the same linking command after booting the system.
Now let’s create a directory for our container.
mkdir -p /volume1/docker/github-runner
This is all you need to do to prepare your NAS. Now let’s move on to our actual task of launching GitHub Actions Runner.
The Runner itself is attached to a project or organisation (which is now free of charge). As the only step at GitHub, you should get your token. You can get it by going to your
Organisation/Project Settings -> Actions -> Add New -> New Runner and copy your token from the
We are finally ready for launch. Let’s go back to our SSH terminal and complete the final configuration. We will use myoung34/github-runner for this. There are several versions, but if you plan to use it with Swift like me, you should stick to Ubuntu 18.04 (
myoung34/github-runner:ubuntu-bionic) or 20.04 (
Let’s run this container. Please note that I use the same directory for
RUNNER_WORKDIR. This is important so that your “Docker-in-Docker” containers can find your project.
sudo docker run -d --restart always --name github-runner \
-e RUNNER_TOKEN="YOUR TOKEN FROM GITHUB" \
-e RUNNER_WORKDIR="/tmp/github-runner" \
-e RUNNER_ALLOW_RUNASROOT="true" \
-e ORG_RUNNER="true" \
-e ORG_NAME="YOUR ORGANISATION NAME" \
-v /volume1/docker/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock \
-v /volume1/docker/github-runner:/tmp/github-runner \
If you use it with a project instead of an organisation, set
ORG_RUNNER to false and provide your
REPO_URL instead of
You can see your Runner active at GitHub if you navigate to
Organisation/Project Settings -> Actions in the
Self-hosted runners’ section. If something went wrong, you can check the Docker logs by opening the Docker app on your NAS, selecting the running container, and going to the logs.
That’s all. I hope that with this new feature you can become more productive, save money or at least have a new toy for developers.